By Thomas R. Steinheimer, Lisa J. Ross, Terry D. Spittler
This e-book emphasizes the significance of scale-of-study while comparing the environmental destiny and delivery features of field-applied insecticides, together with pesticides, herbicides, and fungicides. the quantity examines pesticide utilization and its capability influence on non-target traditional assets and the dominant concerns surrounding pestidice move in various geophysical destinations and environmental systems.
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Extra resources for Agrochemical Fate and Movement. Perspective and Scale of Study
Nicosulfuron's shorter half-life would mean there would be less compound available for loss by surface water runoff as time between application and runoff events increased. The surface water runoff results also demonstrate the water quality attributes of the shorter residual sulfonylureas such as thifensulfuron methyl and tribenuron methyl. Field half-life for thifensulfuron methyl and tribenuron methyl ranges from 2 to 14 days and 1 to 23 days, respectively (32). The rapid degradation of thifensulfuron methyl is mainly due to rapid metabolism by soil microbes (33) while rapid hydrolysis accounts for the short half-life of tribenuron methyl (34).
And Coupe, R. H. Annual Use and Transport of Agricultural Chemicals in the Mississippi River, 1991-92, 1993, USGS Open-File Report 93-418, 26-40. Goolsby, D. , Thurman, Ε. , Pomes, M. , and Battaglin, W. A. Occurrence, Deposition, and Long Range Transport of Herbicides in Precipitation in the Midwestern and Northeastern United States, 1993, USGS Open-File Report 93-418, 75-89. Tierney, D. , Williams, W. , Hahn, A. , Holden, P. , and Newby, L. Surface water monitoring for atrazine in the Chesapeake Watershed (19761991).
Hatfield, J. , Anderson, J. , Alberts, E. , Watts, D. , and Swank, R. Management Systems Evaluation Areas — An Overview. Proc. , 2/2124/1993, Soil and Water Cons. , Ankeny, IA, 1993. Spittler, T. , Brightman, S. , Humiston, M . C. and Forney, D. , Watershed Monitoring in Sustainable Agriculture Studies, In Pesticide Movement: Perspective and Scale, Steinheimer, T. , Ross, L. J. and Spittler, T. D. , ACS Symposium Series, in press. , Durst, R. , and Spittler, T. , FILIA Determination of Imazethapyr Herbicide in Water, In Pesticide Movement: Perspective and Scale, Steinheimer, T.
Agrochemical Fate and Movement. Perspective and Scale of Study by Thomas R. Steinheimer, Lisa J. Ross, Terry D. Spittler