By Syma A. Ebbin, Alf H. Hoel, Are Sydnes
This is often the 1st systematic review of the overseas 200-mile unique monetary sector. up to now, a hundred forty five states have ratified the legislations of the ocean conference, and such a lot have confirmed EEZs. This quantity makes a speciality of the explicit nature of the EEZ and the development and evolution of associations stemming from its advent, particularly interpreting advancements at neighborhood, nationwide and foreign degrees.
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This can be the 1st systematic evaluation of the foreign 200-mile specific financial area. up to now, a hundred forty five states have ratified the legislations of the ocean conference, and so much have validated EEZs. This quantity makes a speciality of the explicit nature of the EEZ and the development and evolution of associations stemming from its advent, particularly reading advancements at neighborhood, nationwide and overseas degrees.
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Additional resources for A Sea Change: The Exclusive Economic Zone and Governance Institutions for Living Marine Resources
Secondly, in granting access to the surplus, the coastal state is to take into account all relevant factors, including, inter alia, ‘the significance of the living resources of the area to the economy of the coastal state concerned and its other national interests’. Thus, it is apparent that the notion of optimum utilization allows the coastal state to take into account important economic and arguably also political factors that might justify a utilization of the surplus that is less than the maximum.
11 For further discussions of these issues, see Franckx (2000) and Rayfuse (1999). 12 For a discussion of the how this evolution has occurred in non-legal instruments, see Edeson (1999c). 26 WILLIAM R. EDESON precautionary character might have to be implied from the context. There is of course the obverse problem. A measure might be described as ‘precautionary’ but the reference to the concept could be as close as it will ever get to meeting that goal. Of course, a more pessimistic picture can be painted.
The major sources of pollution are found outside Norwegian waters. Emissions of nuclear materials from British plants have been the single most threatening pollution source,4 but also emissions of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are also a cause for concern (AMAP, 1998). In areas under Norwegian jurisdiction, petroleum activity and the dumping of toxic materials are among the dominant sources of pollution. 7 The Norwegian EEZ covers numerous rich fishing grounds. The fisheries are sustained by a marine environment with high primary production.
A Sea Change: The Exclusive Economic Zone and Governance Institutions for Living Marine Resources by Syma A. Ebbin, Alf H. Hoel, Are Sydnes