By Dr. Andrew J Harding, Dr. James Chin
On sixteen September 1963 Malaysia got here into being with the accession of Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore to the prevailing Federation of Malaya. This publication marks the fiftieth anniversary of this striking occasion in South East Asia's historical past. the point of interest of the e-book could be typically at the event of Sabah and Sarawak as topics of the federation. It appears to be like on the adventure of federalism from a few diversified views, preserving in brain not only the consequences of federalism on Sabah and Sarawak but additionally the consequences at the federation as an entire. Has the cut price of 1963 been adhered to? Has Malaysian federalism been a winning instance of this manner of presidency in Asia, or has the cut price been undermined in methods opposite to the unique deal within the Malaysia contract of 1963? What were the sensible results on East Malaysia in the course of 50 years?
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Extra resources for 50 Years of Malaysia. Federalism Revisited
This further contributes, in her argument, to the marginalisation of ethnic communities in these two states. Moreover, she argued, while both Sabah and Sarawak have a degree of formal representation in Parliament, in terms of substantive representation there is very little discussion of issues relevant to the people of these two States. By contrast, there has been a change in their representation at the level of the executive. Here elite representation is growing, but it is personality-based and party-based.
The view was expressed at the workshop that in Sabah’s case secession was not only impossible in practice, but not even desirable given the prospect of an independent state being taken over by the large numbers of illegal migrants from the Philippines. The consensus was that secession was not in any event a realistic option. However, Khairil Azmin Mokhtar’s essay stresses that coercion cannot be part of a federal system, as legally speaking the two levels of government and the units within a federation are equal.
Second, Schedule 10 also provides for special grants for Sabah and Sarawak, over and above the Capitation Grant and the Road Grant, the bases of which were negotiated at the time of their accession. The object of these is to ensure that state revenue is adequate to meet the cost of existing state services, with reasonable provision for their expansion. Third, they are allowed eight further sources of revenue not allowed to the other states. Fourth, the restrictions on the proportion of export duty on minerals do not apply to Sabah and Sarawak.
50 Years of Malaysia. Federalism Revisited by Dr. Andrew J Harding, Dr. James Chin